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Lesson 2 - E-shop in PHP - The concept of article controllers

In the previous lesson, E-shop in PHP - Directory structure, we set up the directory structure and the database. In today's tutorial, we're going to implement a namespace-aware autoloader and introduce the genius concept of article controllers. This lesson is extra long, but it's mostly just about modifying existing code so I found it pointless to split in into more paid articles.

Let's start filling our folders with modified files. We'll get to the folder, file, and changes in said files list soon. All the source codes in this article are under the premium license and cannot be distributed. I won't add a license annotation to save space in the article.


We already know that the index.php file goes in the public folder. With that in mind, we'll put an .htaccess file with the following contents in the root folder as well (which will redirect every request to the public folder):

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
    RewriteEngine On
    RewriteRule ^$ public/ [L]
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^public/
    RewriteRule ^(.*)$ public/$1


First of all, we'll start by filling the public folder, which a browser treats as


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Article description

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In this tutorial, we'll prepare the .htaccess file and the autoloader, add code to the IctSocial vendor, and introduce the concept of article controllers.

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Article has been written for you by David Capka Hartinger
The author is a programmer, who likes web technologies and being the lead/chief article writer at He shares his knowledge with the community and is always looking to improve. He believes that anyone can do what they set their mind to.
Unicorn university David learned IT at the Unicorn University - a prestigious college providing education on IT and economics.