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Lesson 16 - PHP Testing - More Selenium WebDriver Syntax

In the previous lesson, PHP Testing - Selenium WebDriver syntax overview, we started with a detailed description of the Selenium WebDriver syntax of the Codeception PHP framework. In today's tutorial, we're going to continue.

Controlling the browser


Of course we can manipulate with the keyboard.

  • pressKey(element, keys) - Presses a given key in a given element. We pass the keys as separated method parameters and as strings (e.g. "a"). The strings can contains multiple characters as well. Instead of a single key, we can also pass a string array with they keys which should be pressed simultaneously (e.g. ['ctrl', 'c']).


Now let's introduce the manipulation with tabs.

  • switchToWindow(na­me) - Switches to another window (tab) of a given name. If we don't provide the name, it switches to the previous window.
  • switchToNextTab(of­fset) - Switches to the next tab. We can also provide an offset to skip some tabs. For example, to switch to the second next tab, we'd use the offset 2.
  • switchToPrevi­ousTab(offset) - Switches to the previous tab. We can also define the offset, to jump to the second previous tab by using the value 2.
  • closeTab() - Closes the current tab and moves to the last active tab.
  • openNewTab() - Opens a new tab and switches to it (the AdBlock add-on can cause a failure of this action).


There are still some actions in the browser control category


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This tutorial details the Selenium WebDriver syntax of the Codeception PHP framework. Controlling the browser, forms, sessions, and multiuser testing.

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Article has been written for you by David Capka
The author is a programmer, who likes web technologies and being the lead/chief article writer at He shares his knowledge with the community and is always looking to improve. He believes that anyone can do what they set their mind to.
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